Hybrid core-shell catalysts possess superior physiochemical properties that are closely related to their atomic structures. Here, we report novel diffusion phenomena in an Au-Ni2P yolk-shell structure using in situ heating transmission electron microscopy (TEM) analysis. The Au yolks can dissolve completely into and diffuse across the Ni2P shell at 500 °C, resulting in an inward volume expansion of the Ni2P shell and shrinkage of the void. The dissolved Au is subsequently segregated, forming a new crystal on the outer layer of the shell. A detailed atomic-scale resolution imaging revealed that the outward Au diffusion and aggregation occur when the Au yolks are epitaxial to the Ni2P shells. Theoretical analysis shows that the outward diffusion and deposition of Au atoms is primarily driven by the excess epitaxial strain energy.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)