Promoting toddlers' self-regulation and healthy eating habits among families living in poverty: A randomized controlled trial of Recipe 4 Success

Robert Nix, Sukhdeep Gill, Michelle L. Hostetler, Mark Ethan Feinberg, Lori Anne Francis, Cynthia Stifter, Cheryl B. McNeil, Sarah M. Kidder, Damon Evan Jones, Ye Rang Park, Christina N. Kim, Ashleigh G. Engbretson, Sarah M. Braaten, Vivian L. Tamkin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The Recipe 4 Success preventive intervention targeted multiple factors critical to the health and well-being of toddlers living in poverty. This randomized controlled trial, which was embedded within Early Head Start home visits for 12 weeks, included 242 racially and ethnically diverse families (51% girls; toddler mean age = 2.58 years; data collected 2016–2019). Compared to parents in usual practice home visits, parents in Recipe 4 Success displayed greater sensitive scaffolding of toddlers' learning and more responsive food parenting practices (Cohen's d =.21–.30). Toddlers in Recipe 4 Success exhibited greater self-regulation and had healthier eating habits (Cohen's d = |.16–.35|). Results highlight the value of Recipe 4 Success in promoting parent and toddler behavior change that could have life-long benefits.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalChild development
StateAccepted/In press - 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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