Protein kinase C modulates ventilatory patterning in the developing rat

Hari P.R. Bandla, Narong Simakajornboon, Gavin R. Graff, David Gozal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Protein kinase C (PKC) mediates important components of signal transduction pathways underlying neuronal excitability and modulates respiratory timing mechanisms in adult rats. To determine ventilatory effects of systemic PKC inhibition during development, whole-body plethysmographic recordings were conducted in 2-3-d (n = 11), 5-6-d (n - 19), 10-12-d (n - 14), and 20-21-d-old (n = 14) rat pups after treatment with vehicle and Ro 32-0432 (100 mg/kg, intraperitoneally) Ro 32-0432 decreased minute ventilation (VE) by 51.0 ± 5.5% (mean ± SEM) in youngest pups (p < 0.01) but only 19.1 ± 6.8% in 20-21-d-old pups (p < 0.01). VE decreases were always due to frequency reductions with tidal volume (VT) remaining unaffected. Respiratory rate decreases primarily resulted from marked expiratory time (TE) prolongations being more pronounced in 2-3-d-old (I15.5 ± 28.9%) compared with 20-21-d old (36.6 ± 10.9%; p < 0.002 analysis of variance [ANOVA]). Expression of the PKC isoforms α, β, γ δ, ι, and μ was further examined in brainstem and cortex by immunoblotting and revealed different patterns with postnatal age and location. We conclude that endogenous PKC inhibition elicits age-dependent ventilatory reductions which primarily affect timing mechanisms rather than changes in volume drive. This effect on ventilation abates with increasing postnatal age suggesting that the neural substrate mediating overall respiratory output may be more critically dependent on PKC activity in the immature animal.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)968-973
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican journal of respiratory and critical care medicine
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1999

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine


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