We previously established that proteinuria alters the apolipoprotein content of lipoproteins. This study was conducted to establish whether proteinuria also alters the concentrations of oxidized lipids within lipoprotein density fractions. To this end, we induced passive Heymann nephritis in Sprague Dawley rats and measured an array of alkaline-stable oxylipids in VLDL, LDL, and HDL particles. Proteinuria increased the total oxylipid amounts in the HDL and VLDL fractions. More importantly, these levels were increased when expressed per unit lipoprotein protein, indicating that the oxidized lipid load per particle was increased. Epoxides and diols increased ∼2-fold in HDL and ∼5-fold in VLDL, whereas LDL showed ∼2-fold decreases. The hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acids and hydroxy-octadecadienoic acids (HODEs) increased >4-fold in HDL and >20-fold in VLDL, whereas LDL showed ∼2-fold decreases in the HODEs. Therefore, nephrotic syndrome alters the lipoprotein oxylipid composition independently of an increase in total lipoprotein levels. These proteinuria-induced changes may be associated with the cardiovascular risk of lipoprotein oxidation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cell Biology