Proximal and distal post-COVID travel behavior

Li Miao, Jinyoung Im, Xiaoxiao Fu, Haemi Kim, Yi Estella Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

107 Scopus citations


Using terror management theory as a theoretical base, and drawing upon pertinent tourism studies, this conceptual paper represents one of the first attempts to systematically identify and predict post-COVID travel and tourism behaviors. Several salient proximal and distal post-COVID travel behaviors are identified or predicted. Their psychological and phenomenological roots, behavioral manifestations, and potential impact on tourism are discussed. This research intends to offer some foundational building blocks to better understand travel and tourism behaviors and to inform tourism theory and practice in the post-COVID era.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number103159
JournalAnnals of Tourism Research
StatePublished - May 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Development
  • Marketing
  • Business and International Management
  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management


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