Psychometric Evaluation of a Visual Interpersonal Analog Scale

William C. Woods, Elizabeth A. Edershile, Whitney R. Ringwald, Brinkley M. Sharpe, Philip H. Himmelstein, Michelle G. Newman, Stephen J. Wilson, William D. Ellison, Kenneth N. Levy, Aaron L. Pincus, J. David Creswell, Aidan G.C. Wright

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Interpersonal theory organizes social behavior along dominant (vs. submissive) and warm (vs. cold) dimensions. There is a growing interest in assessing these behaviors in naturalistic settings to maximize ecological validity and to study dynamic social processes. Studies that have assessed interpersonal behavior in daily life have primarily relied on behavioral checklists. Although checklists have advantages, they are discrepant with techniques used to capture constructs typically assessed alongside warmth and dominance, such as affect, which typically rely on adjective descriptors. Further, these checklists are distinct from the methodologies used at the dispositional level, such as personality inventories, which rarely rely on behavioral checklists. The present study evaluates the psychometric performance of interpersonal adjectives presented on a visual analog scale in five different samples. Validity of the Visual Interpersonal Analog scale (VIAS) approach to momentary assessment was evaluated by comparing its performance with an interpersonal behavior checklist and by examining associations among the VIAS Warmth and Dominance scales and other momentary and dispositional constructs. Results were generally consistent with an existing interpersonal behavior checklist at the within-person level but diverged somewhat at the dispositional level. Across the five samples, the VIAS generally performed as hypothesized at both the within and betweenperson levels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)311-324
Number of pages14
JournalPsychological Assessment
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jan 19 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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