Psychopathological networks: Theory, methods and practice

Laura F. Bringmann, Casper Albers, Claudi Bockting, Denny Borsboom, Eva Ceulemans, Angélique Cramer, Sacha Epskamp, Markus I. Eronen, Ellen Hamaker, Peter Kuppens, Wolfgang Lutz, Richard J. McNally, Peter Molenaar, Pia Tio, Manuel C. Voelkle, Marieke Wichers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

70 Scopus citations


In recent years, network approaches to psychopathology have sparked much debate and have had a significant impact on how mental disorders are perceived in the field of clinical psychology. However, there are many important challenges in moving from theory to empirical research and clinical practice and vice versa. Therefore, in this article, we bring together different points of view on psychological networks by methodologists and clinicians to give a critical overview on these challenges, and to present an agenda for addressing these challenges. In contrast to previous reviews, we especially focus on methodological issues related to temporal networks. This includes topics such as selecting and assessing the quality of the nodes in the network, distinguishing between- and within-person effects in networks, relating items that are measured at different time scales, and dealing with changes in network structures. These issues are not only important for researchers using network models on empirical data, but also for clinicians, who are increasingly likely to encounter (person-specific) networks in the consulting room.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number104011
JournalBehaviour Research and Therapy
StatePublished - Feb 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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