Background: Adjunctive ganglionic plexus (GP) ablation may increase the efficacy of pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) for treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF). Prior meta-analyses examining PVI with adjunctive GP ablation have included non-randomized trials and have included trials evaluating thorascopic epicardial ablation. The objective of this study is to perform a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing endocardial catheter-based PVI to PVI with adjunctive GP ablation. Methods: Summary odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated. Heterogeneity was assessed with I2 values. Sub-group analysis was performed comparing arrhythmia recurrence between patients with paroxysmal versus persistent AF at trial baseline. Meta-regressions were performed with mean left atrial diameter and left ventricular ejection fraction at trial baseline as the moderator variables. Results: Five RCTs were identified including 814 patients: 406 PVI + GP ablation and 408 PVI alone. The mean age of participants was 56.5 years and 74.7% were male. Four of these trials evaluated catheter-based endocardial ablation for a total of 574 patients: 289 PVI + GP ablation and 285 PVI alone. The odds of arrhythmia recurrence in patients undergoing adjunctive GP ablation with PVI compared with PVI alone were a reduced: odds ratio (OR) 0.58, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.41–0.82, I2 = 40.2%. In the subgroup analysis, the odds of arrhythmia recurrence with adjunctive GP ablation were reduced in those with paroxysmal AF (OR 0.396, 95% CI 0.23–0.69, I2 = 0%). A non-significant trend to reduced arrhythmia recurrence was also observed in those with persistent AF (OR 0.726, 95% CI 0.475–1.112, I2 = 0%). When performing the meta-regression, increased left atrial diameter was associated with decreased treatment effect of adjunctive GP ablation (R2 index = 1.0, I2 = 0%). Conclusions: The addition of GP ablation to PVI was associated with reduced arrhythmia recurrence. Adjunctive GP ablation was more effective in paroxysmal AF and in patients with smaller atria. Larger RCTs are needed to confirm the efficacy of GP + PVI ablation.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology|
|State||Published - Mar 2023|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)