Pyroelectric properties of rare-earth calcium oxyborate crystals: ReCa 4O(BO3)3 (Re: Y, Gd, Nd, and Pr)

Shuai Hou, Fapeng Yu, Yanxue Tang, Shujun Zhang, Xian Zhao

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5 Scopus citations


Pyroelectric properties of the monoclinic ReCa4O(BO 3)3 (ReCOB, where Re is rare earth: Y, Gd, Nd, and Pr) single crystals were investigated by the charge integration method in the temperature range of 20°C to 180°C. The two independent pyroelectric coefficients p1 and p3 were measured and their temperature-dependent properties were studied; the pyroelectric p1 was found to be negative and decrease with increasing temperature, varying from -59.3, -64.2, -65.5, and -59.5 μC/(m°C) at 30°C to -52.9, -53.3, -46.6, and -50.5 μC/(m°C) at 180°C for YCOB, GdCOB, NdCOB, and PrCOB, respectively, whereas the positive coefficient p3 was observed to decrease from 11.6, 13.6, 23.5, and 31.0 μC/(m °C) at 30°C to 2.5, 7.1, 4.9, and 10.1 μC/(m °C) at 180°C, respectively. In addition, the ReCOB crystals were found to possess relatively high detectivity Fd, being 7.6 to 11.4 x 10-5 Pa-1/2 at 30°C, approximately two times that of commercial triglycine sulfate (TGS) and LiTaO3 crystals, with minimal variations up to 180°C, indicating the potential for use in thermal imaging applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number6822983
Pages (from-to)561-566
Number of pages6
JournalIEEE transactions on ultrasonics, ferroelectrics, and frequency control
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Instrumentation
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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