QCD evolution of the Sivers function

S. M. Aybat, J. C. Collins, J. W. Qiu, T. C. Rogers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

161 Scopus citations


We extend the Collins-Soper-Sterman (CSS) formalism to apply it to the spin dependence governed by the Sivers function. We use it to give a correct numerical QCD evolution of existing fixed-scale fits of the Sivers function. With the aid of approximations useful for the nonperturbative region, we present the results as parametrizations of a Gaussian form in transverse-momentum space, rather than in the Fourier conjugate transverse coordinate space normally used in the CSS formalism. They are specifically valid at small transverse momentum. Since evolution has been applied, our results can be used to make predictions for Drell-Yan and semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering at energies different from those where the original fits were made. Our evolved functions are of a form that they can be used in the same parton-model factorization formulas as used in the original fits, but now with a predicted scale dependence in the fit parameters. We also present a method by which our evolved functions can be corrected to allow for twist-3 contributions at large parton transverse momentum.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number034043
JournalPhysical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Feb 29 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


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