QTc intervals at rest and during exercise assessed by group correction formulas in survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia

Émilie Bertrand, Maxime Caru, Audrey Harvey, Gregor Andelfinger, Caroline Laverdiere, Maja Krajinovic, Daniel Sinnett, Vincent Jacquemet, Daniel Curnier

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Introduction: Early signs of subclinical cardiac damage must be identified before they turn into clinical manifestations. Tailoring a formula is relevant for precise QTc evaluation in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) survivors considering they are at risk of long-term cardiac problems. Therefore, we aim to develop group heart rate correction formulas for QT intervals in childhood ALL survivors at rest and during exercise, and to assess the applicability of these methods across a variety of risk groups exposed to diverse chemotherapy dosages. Methods: Two hundred and fifty childhood ALL survivors in the PETALE study were classified into 3 groups depending on their prognostic risk group. ECG measurements (QT and RR intervals) were made at rest and during a cardiopulmonary exercise test. QT correction for heart rate was applied using 5 different formulas, which included 2 previously published formulas and 3 group-specific formulas for each sex. Results: The QT/RR relation showed 2 different curves between rest and during exercise, which was worse for females. Group-specific QTc formulas allowed adequate heart rate-corrected QT interval, independently of the cumulative dose of doxorubicin received during treatment. Group-specific formulas showed significantly shorter QTc intervals than QTc from Bazett's formula. QTc (Bazett's formula) values surpassed the established clinical norm in 22 males (11%) and 22 females (11%), with a majority occurring during exercise, affecting 15 males (7.5%) and 10 females (5%). Conclusion: This study shows the applicability of personalized group correction of QT/RR data in childhood ALL survivors. Our comprehensive assessments (spanning rest, exercise, and recovery) is an effective approach for risk stratification of cardiac complications in childhood ALL survivors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)80-94
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Electrocardiology
StatePublished - Mar 1 2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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