Quality of Life of Urolithiasis Patients During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Multi-Institutional Cross-Sectional Study

Victor K.F. Wong, Naeem Bhojani, Vincent Bird, Necole Streeper, Stephen Y. Nakada, Kristina Penniston, Ben H. Chew

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Purpose: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is an unprecedented global event that has caused significant fear and anxiety across all populations. To date, there have been no studies on how major health crises have affected the stone-related quality of life (QOL) of urolithiasis patients. In this multi-institutional study, we investigated the association between fear of COVID-19 and the QOL of urolithiasis patients during the COVID-19 pandemic using the Fear of COVID-19 Scale (FCV-19S) and the Wisconsin Stone Quality of Life (WISQOL) questionnaires. Materials and Methods: Patient-reported data collection occurred between April and October 2020 during the COVID-19 pandemic where many procedures (radiologic or surgical) and visits were either delayed or cancelled. The scores generated from patient-reported responses to questionnaires were correlated and then further subanalyzed dependent on categorical responses related to procedural delays or care and were analyzed via the Student's t-test. A single factor analysis of variance (ANOVA) was performed to analyze varying QOL scores across the FCV-19S quartiles. Results: Four hundred respondents participated in this study. Overall mean total standardized FCV-19S and WISQOL scores (both transformed to min-max 0-100) were 34.3 and 70.3, respectively. A significant inverse correlation (r =-0.265, p < 0.0001) demonstrated that suggesting greater COVID-19 fear may result in lower stone-related QOL. A significant difference in fear and QOL scores was observed between the sexes, with women having more COVID-19 fear (35.8 vs 28.6, p < 0.01) and lower stone-related QOL (64.2 vs 75.2, p < 0.01). Quartile ANOVA analysis revealed significant mean difference in WISQOL scores across all FCV-19S score quartiles (p < 0.05). Conclusions: Using two validated questionnaires (FCV-19S and WISQOL) and correlating patient-reported responses, we found that greater fear for COVID-19 was associated with lower stone-related QOL in urolithiasis patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)798-806
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Endourology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Urology


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