Quantification of cyclic twinning-detwinning behavior during low-cycle fatigue of pure magnesium using high energy X-ray diffraction

Aeriel D. Murphy-Leonard, Darren C. Pagan, Armand Beaudoin, Matthew P. Miller, John E. Allison

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations


The cyclic twinning and detwinning behavior of extruded Mg was investigated using in-situ high energy X-ray diffraction (HEXD) under fully-reversed low cycle fatigue conditions. Measurements were conducted at three levels of applied strain. The initial texture was such that the c-axis in most grains was perpendicular to the loading direction, an orientation in which extension twinning is favored during compressive loading. At strain amplitudes greater than 0.5%, tension-compression asymmetry was observed during cyclic loading and related to cyclic twinning and detwinning. The twinning and detwinning behavior were characterized by monitoring the evolution of X-ray diffraction peaks associated with the basal {0 0 0 2} planes throughout selected cycle. At cyclic strains greater than 0.5%, in-situ HEXD results show that twinning occurs during the compression portion of the cycle and, at early stages of fatigue, most twins are detwinned under reversed loading during the tensile portion of the cycle. It was also observed that as the number of fatigue cycles increases the twin volume fraction increases. After 100–200 fatigue cycles, the detwinning process was observed to be incomplete and a significant fraction of residual twins remained throughout an entire cycle. Using electron back scatter diffraction imaging on the surface of interrupted fatigue tests, twinning and detwinning behavior was investigated and the presence of persistent twins, including residual twins, was observed. At a lower applied strain (0.4%), twinning and tension-compression yield asymmetries associated with twinning were not observed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)314-323
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Fatigue
StatePublished - Aug 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Modeling and Simulation
  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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