Quantification of liquid water saturation in a PEM fuel cell diffusion medium using X-ray microtomography

Puneet K. Sinha, Philip Halleck, Chao Yang Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

265 Scopus citations


Quantification of liquid water saturation distribution in a diffusion medium is critical to establishing a basic understanding of the two-phase flow and flooding occurrence in proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cells. We have used X-ray microtomography to obtain high-resolution (10×10×13.4 μm), three-dimensional images of liquid water distribution in a gas diffusion layer (GDL) during gas purge. We report on temporally resolved liquid saturation profiles across the GDL thickness and demonstrate the feasibility of using X-ray microtomography to quantify liquid water distribution at the component level. The results show that the drying rate decreases exponentially with purge time and no significant liquid water removal takes place after 6 min of purge, at room temperature.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)A344-A348
JournalElectrochemical and Solid-State Letters
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • General Materials Science
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrochemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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