Quantifying cultural tightness-looseness in Ecuador

Phillip M. Jolly, Hubert van Hoof, Feier Chen, Bora Kim, Mateo Estrella Duran, Ana Cueva Navas, Julio Gavilanes Valle, Gabriela Maldonado Pérez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Cultural tightness-looseness represents the degree to which a particular culture possesses strong behavioral norms, and the degree to which members of that culture are likely to sanction individuals who deviate from those norms. While tightness-looseness has been quantified for a large and growing number of countries around the world, there are many countries where a tightness-looseness score has yet to be determined, thus impeding the inclusion of those countries in cross-cultural research with a tightness-looseness focus. There is a dearth of research on cultural tightness-looseness in South America in particular. We report results from a national survey of 1,265 Ecuadorian residents which provided quantification of the relatively tight culture of Ecuador.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere0246064
JournalPloS one
Issue number1 January
StatePublished - Jan 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General


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