Quantitative Attachment of Bimetal Combinations of Transition-Metal Ions to the Surface of TiO2 Nanorods

Choumini Balasanthiran, Stephanie Jensen, Charles S. Spanjers, Shelton J.P. Varapragasam, Robert M. Rioux, Dmitri Kilin, James D. Hoefelmeyer

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5 Scopus citations


We report the sequential, quantitative loading of transition-metal ions (Cr3+, Mn2+, Fe2+, Co2+, Ni2+, and Cu2+) onto the surface of rod-shaped anatase TiO2 nanocrystals in bimetallic combinations (6C2 = 15) to form M,M′-TiO2 nanocrystals. The materials were characterized with transmission electron microscopy (TEM), powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), elemental analysis, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and UV-visible spectroscopy. TEM and XRD data indicate that the sequential adsorption of metal ions occurs with the retention of the phase and morphology of the nanocrystal. Atomistic models of the M,M′-TiO2 nanocrystals were optimized with density functional theory calculations. Calculated UV-visible absorption spectra and partial charge density maps of the donor and acceptor states for the electronic transitions indicate the importance of metal-to-metal charge transfer (MMCT) processes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5422-5434
Number of pages13
Issue number19
StatePublished - May 15 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Spectroscopy
  • Electrochemistry


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