Native as well as denatured calf thymus DNA, deoxyguanylic and deoxyadenylic acid, respectively, were reacted with the racemic anti 5,9-dimethylchrysene dihydrodiol epoxide (5,9-DMCDE). The deoxyribonucleoside adducts were separated by HPLC and characterized by CD and NMR. Approximately 17% of the epoxide was trapped by native DNA and 76% of the adducts were derived from the RSSR enantiomer. The ratios of dAdo/dGuo modification in DNA were 14/86 and 19/81 for RSSR and SRRS enantiomers, respectively. By monitoring the product yields of anti 5,9-DMCDE with DNA and deoxyribonucleotides, we hoped to gain further insight into the factors responsible for deoxyguanosine adduct formation by 5-methylchrysene dihydrodiol epoxide (5-MCDE) compared to 5,6-dimethylchrysene dihydrodiol epoxide (5,6-DMCDE). The adduct yields in deoxyribonucleotide reactions of 5,9-DMCDE were slightly higher than those from 5-MCDE. However, the reaction yields of 5,9-DMCDE with DNA were lower than those with 5-MCDE in most cases, particularly for the cis and trans deoxyadenosine adducts. It seems that the 9-methyl group of 5,9-DMCDE significantly influences adduct formation with the deoxyadenosine residue in DNA in contrast to the 6-methyl group of 5,6-DMCDE. The 9-methyl group sterically decreases deoxyadenosine adduct yields more in reaction with native DNA than denatured DNA, but it has little effect on deoxyribonucleotide reactions. Adduct formation with deoxyguanosine residues in DNA by all three dihydrodiol epoxides correlate with their respective tumorigenic and mutagenic activities. (C) 2128 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd.
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