Quantum-Classical Hybrid Machine Learning for Image Classification (ICCAD Special Session Paper)

Mahabubul Alam, Satwik Kundu, Rasit Onur Topaloglu, Swaroop Ghosh

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

mage classification is a major application domain for conventional deep learning (DL). Quantum machine learning (QML) has the potential to revolutionize image classification. In any typical DL-based image classification, we use convolutional neural network (CNN) to extract features from the image and multi-layer perceptron network (MLP) to create the actual decision boundaries. QML models can be useful in both of these tasks. On one hand, convolution with parameterized quantum circuits (Quanvolution) can extract rich features from the images. On the other hand, quantum neural network (QNN) models can create complex decision boundaries. Therefore, Quanvolution and QNN can be used to create an end-to-end QML model for image classification. Alternatively, we can extract image features separately using classical dimension reduction techniques such as, Principal Components Analysis (PCA) or Convolutional Autoencoder (CAE) and use the extracted features to train a QNN. We review two proposals on quantum-classical hybrid ML models for image classification namely, Quanvolutional Neural Network and dimension reduction using a classical algorithm followed by QNN. Particularly, we make a case for trainable filters in Quanvolution and CAE-based feature extraction for image datasets (instead of dimension reduction using linear transformations such as, PCA). We discuss various design choices, potential opportunities, and drawbacks of these models. We also release a Python-based framework to create and explore these hybrid models with a variety of design choices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2021 40th IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, ICCAD 2021 - Proceedings
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781665445078
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021
Event40th IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, ICCAD 2021 - Munich, Germany
Duration: Nov 1 2021Nov 4 2021

Publication series

NameIEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, Digest of Technical Papers, ICCAD
Volume2021-November
ISSN (Print)1092-3152

Conference

Conference40th IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, ICCAD 2021
Country/TerritoryGermany
CityMunich
Period11/1/2111/4/21

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Software
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design

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