Queer and working class while reading The Second Shepherds’ Play

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


As a queer, working-class, medievalist, I cannot separate who I am from how I read. Medieval drama invites queer people to read for such moments – it allows us to see our identity in an often-unfamiliar space. It also illustrates the subtleties of class in England in the later Middle Ages in important ways for those of us living in an era of similar or even greater wealth inequality. In particular, The Second Shepherds’ Play elucidates the range of emotions and actions inspired by poverty, and even as it ends with the promise of eternal salvation through Christ, it indeed parodies the nativity, through Mak and Gill, to emphasize the realities of poverty. Intersecting these elements of class, the play, too, stages a cast of queer characters. In this essay, I explore how my identity affects my scholarly practice – that my queerness and my working-class background insist that I open texts to the possibilities of real queer and working class presents in texts from the past. I argue that in The Second Shepherds’ Play we see queer, classed bodies struggling in the patriarchal, aristocratic system of feudalism. Furthermore, the solution offered to this problem of earthly suffering, the Christ child, is a queer, democratizing agent, undermining both heteronormativity and feudal power structures. As queer, working-class readers in the present, we must identify our presents in the past of this text while acknowledging its call to re-present its message of hope for queer, working-class persons today.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)220-227
Number of pages8
Issue number2-3
StatePublished - Aug 1 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cultural Studies
  • History
  • Philosophy
  • Literature and Literary Theory


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