Racial Difference in Cerebral Microbleed Burden Among a Patient Population in the Mid-South United States

Nariman Noorbakhsh-Sabet, Georgios Tsivgoulis, Shima Shahjouei, Yirui Hu, Nitin Goyal, Andrei V. Alexandrov, Ramin Zand

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Although intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is more common among African-Americans, data on the burden of cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) among different races is limited. The purpose of this study is to compare the number, associated factors, and topography of CMBs between African-American and Caucasian populations in the Mid-South United States. Methods: Using natural language processing, we extracted all brain MRIs performed during a 2-year period (2012-2013) when the report indicated the presence of CMB. All the extracted MRI studies were evaluated for number and location of CMBs, prior stroke, and deep white matter lesion. Negative binomial regression was used to model for the overdispersed count data. Results: A total 167 patients (mean age was 63 ± 15 years, 49% men, 77% African-American, median CMB count: 8) with 1 or more CMBs on their brain MRI were included in this study. There was no significant difference between the 2 groups in terms of CMB locations (P =.086), but there was a significant difference between African-American and Caucasian patients in terms of number of CMBs (16.5 ± 18 versus 6.5 ± 5.5, P <.001). The prevalence of multiple CMBs (CMBs ≥ 5) was similar among African-Americans and Caucasians (72% versus 55%, P =.062). After adjusting for potential confounders, the African-American race was not independently associated with a higher CMB burden (P =.073). Conclusion: African-American race was not independently associated with a higher rate of CMB burden when compared to Caucasians after adjusting for potential confounders. We also did not observe a significant racial difference regarding the location and prevalence of multiple CMBs (CMBs ≥ 5).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2657-2661
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases
Volume27
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Rehabilitation
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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