Radcliffe ARFID Workgroup: Toward operationalization of research diagnostic criteria and directions for the field

Kamryn T. Eddy, Stephanie G. Harshman, Kendra R. Becker, Elana Bern, Rachel Bryant-Waugh, Anja Hilbert, Debra K. Katzman, Elizabeth A. Lawson, Laurie D. Manzo, Jessie Menzel, Nadia Micali, Rollyn Ornstein, Sarah Sally, Sharon P. Serinsky, William Sharp, Kathryn Stubbs, B. Timothy Walsh, Hana Zickgraf, Nancy Zucker, Jennifer J. Thomas

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debatepeer-review

56 Scopus citations


Objective: Since its introduction to the psychiatric nomenclature in 2013, research on avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) has proliferated highlighting lack of clarity in how ARFID is defined. Method: In September 2018, a small multi-disciplinary pool of international experts in feeding disorder and eating disorder clinical practice and research convened as the Radcliffe ARFID workgroup to consider operationalization of DSM-5 ARFID diagnostic criteria to guide research in this disorder. Results: By consensus of the Radcliffe ARFID workgroup, ARFID eating is characterized by food avoidance and/or restriction, involving limited volume and/or variety associated with one or more of the following: weight loss or faltering growth (e.g., defined as in anorexia nervosa, or by crossing weight/growth percentiles); nutritional deficiencies (defined by laboratory assay or dietary recall); dependence on tube feeding or nutritional supplements (≥50% of daily caloric intake or any tube feeding not required by a concurrent medical condition); and/or psychosocial impairment. Conclusions: This article offers definitions on how best to operationalize ARFID criteria and assessment thereof to be tested in existing clinical populations and to guide future study to advance understanding and treatment of this heterogeneous disorder.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)361-366
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Eating Disorders
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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