Radiation by a Straight Thin-Wire Antenna Embedded in an Isotropic Chiral Medium

Akhlesh Lakhtakia, Vasundara V. Varadan, Vijay K. Varadan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


Radiation characteristics of a straight thin-wire antenna embedded in an isotropic chiral medium {D = εE + βe∇ x E,B = µH + βµ∇× H) are explored here. Whereas the radiation field is linearly polarized for achiral media, here it contains both left-circularly polarized (LCP) and right-circularly polarized (RCP) components. The radiation pattern is found to be symmetric about the plane 0 = π/2, is azimuthally isotropic, and is TEM in nature; however, all three of these features are found as well for isotropic achiral media (β = 0). Some specific features of the radiation field on the constant spherical surfaces r = nπ(1 – k2β2)/2βk2 are also examined. If the antenna is reduced to a point dipole, it is shown that the radiation resistance is enhanced by the presence of chirality in the embedding medium, and the antenna LCP gain differs from the RCP gain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)84-87
Number of pages4
JournalIEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 1988

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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