Phosphorylation of eukaryotic initiation factor 4G (eIF4G) is hypothesized to be an important contributor to the stimulation of protein synthesis in skeletal muscle following meal feeding. The experiments reported herein examined the potential role for a rapamycin-sensitive signaling pathway in mediating the meal feeding-induced elevations in phosphorylation of eIF4G. Gastrocnemius from male Sprague-Dawley rats trained to consume a meal consisting of rat chow was sampled prior to and following 3 h of having the meal provided in the presence or absence of treatment with rapamycin, an inhibitor of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) complex 1 (TORC1). Pretreatment with rapamycin prevented the feeding-induced phosphorylation of mTOR, eIF4G, and S6K1 but only partially attenuated the shift in 4E-BP1 into the γ-form. In contrast, the feeding-induced increase in phosphorylation of PKCε was not reduced by rapamycin. Rapamycin also prevented the augmented association of eIF4G with eIF4E and the decreased association of eIF4E with 4E-BP1. Similar findings were observed in gastrocnemius from animals after oral administration of leucine. Perfusion of gastrocnemius with medium containing rapamycin partially prevented the leucine-induced increase in phosphorylation of eIF4G. Thus, rapamycin attenuated a feeding- or leucine-induced phosphorylation of eIF4G in skeletal muscle both in vivo and in situ. The latter observation implies that the effects observed with rapamycin were the result of modulation of skeletal muscle signaling mechanisms responsible for eIF4G phosphorylation.
|American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism
|Published - Jul 2007
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Physiology (medical)