The rate-dependent mechanical behavior of a dry industrial powder (MZF powder) was studied using a cubical triaxial tester (CTT) within the context of a new elasto-viscoplastic model (PSU-EVP model). The compression and shear properties of the powder were quantified at compression rates of 0.62, 6.21, and 20.7 MPa/minute with pressures up to 11 MPa. Test results demonstrated that the compression and shear responses of the powder were nonlinear, consistent, and reproducible (coefficient of variation or COV ≤ 15%). Also, MZF powder exhibited varying elastic and plastic deformation at different pressure levels that were quantified using statistical correlations (R2 > 0.90). For example, the average bulk modulus and shear modulus values for MZF powder increased linearly with pressure (R2 > 0.90) at all compression rates. The failure stress values also increased with the increase in mean pressure. For instance, at a compression rate of 0.62 MPa/minute, failure stress increased from 5.0 to 13.3 MPa as the confining pressure increased from 2.2 to 8.5 MPa. Similar effects were noted at compression rates of 6.21 and 20.7 MPa/minute. Overall, failure stress decreased with increasing compression rate. From the data collected, it was demonstrated that compression rate does have substantial effect on the compressibility and shear behavior of powders that can be quantified using the CTT and is suitable for use in the PSU-EVP model.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Chemical Engineering