Rationally designed NiS2-MnS/MoS2 hybridized 3D hollow N-Gr microsphere framework-modified celgard separator for highly efficient Li-S batteries

Thi Luu Luyen Doan, Dinh Chuong Nguyen, R. Amaral, Nelson Y. Dzade, Cheol Sang Kim, Chan Hee Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

This work develops a multifunctional separator, as trapper-catalyst-conductor, for Li-S batteries through modifying a Celgard separator by a novel hybrid comprising NiS2-MnS on a MoS2 nanosheets/3D hollow N-doped graphene microsphere framework. Benefiting from the great adsorption ability of MoS2 and NiS2-MnS for polysulfide species, the separator demonstrates high-efficiency polysulfide trapping. The ultrafine NiS2-MnS nanoparticles induce the developed separator to offer abundant catalytic active sites and efficient catalytic behavior for fast polysulfide redox. Furthermore, the super-structured N-doped 3D hollow graphene microsphere substrate can prevent both NiS2-MnS and MoS2 from agglomeration phenomenon during the synthesis/operation process, while providing a highway for electron transportation to catalytic active sites. Importantly, the excellent mesoporous architecture of the coating material facilitates the diffusion of Li ion. Therefore, the Li-S battery constructed by the proposed separator shows a much higher performance and superior cycling stability than that of the cell using pristine Celgard separator.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number121934
JournalApplied Catalysis B: Environmental
Volume319
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 15 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Catalysis
  • General Environmental Science
  • Process Chemistry and Technology

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