Non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is characterized by wide molecular heterogeneity. In recent years, novel agents that target specific, aberrant molecular pathways in NSCLC have been under rigorous evaluation. Erlotinib, an inhibitor of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase, improves survival for advanced NSCLC patients who progressed following one or two prior chemotherapy regimens. Novel molecular predictive markers, such as EGFR mutations and gene amplification, are at present under evaluation to select patients for therapy with erlotinib. Another area of progress is the recent demonstration that bevacizumab, a monoclonal antibody against the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), extended survival when administered in combination with chemotherapy for patients with non-squamous NSCLC. Promising anticancer activity has also been noted with agents that inhibit the VEGF receptor tyrosine kinase in patients with advanced NSCLC. Inhibitors of the proteosomal complex, histone deacetylase, mammalian target of rapamycin pathway, and other growth factor receptor-mediated signaling are under investigation for treatment of NSCLC. These developments have paved the way for a new era of tailor-made therapies based on clinical or molecular/genetic profiles in the treatment of NSCLC. This article reviews the recent advances in targeted therapy of advanced NSCLC.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Medicine
- Drug Discovery
- Clinical Biochemistry