The TRP (transient receptor potential) superfamily includes a group of subfamilies of channel-like proteins mediating a multitude of physiological signaling processes. The TRP-melastatin (TRPM) subfamily includes the putative tumor suppressor melastatin (MLSN) and is a poorly characterized group of TRP-related proteins. Here, we describe the identification and characterization of an additional TRPM protein TRPM4. We reveal that TRPM4 and MLSN each mediate Ca2+ entry when expressed in HEK293 cells. Furthermore, we demonstrate that a short form of MLSN (MLSN-S) interacts directly with and suppresses the activity of full-length MLSN (MLSN-L). This suppression seems to result from the inhibition of translocation of MLSN-L to the plasma membrane. We propose that control of translocation through interaction between MLSN-S and MLSN-L represents a mode for regulating ion channel activity.
|Number of pages
|Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
|Published - Sep 11 2001
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