Regulation of pontine neurite morphology by target-derived signals

Stig K. Hansen, Moriah L. Szpara, Tito A. Serafini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


The molecular cues that regulate neurite morphology within the target environment are key to the formation of complex neural circuitry. During development of the ponto-cerebellar projection, pontine fibers sprout and form elaborate arbors within the inner cerebellar layer prior to arrival of their target cells, the cerebellar granule neurons. Here, we describe the biochemical fractionation of two granule neuron-derived factors that stimulate elaboration of pontine neurites. These factors were identified using a dissociated pontine bioassay and biochemically fractionated from granule cell (GC) conditioned medium (GCCM). One of the factors, STIM1, is a protein with a molecular weight greater than 30 kDa that is distinct from known neurotrophins. The other, STIM2, is a small, protease-resistant molecule with an estimated molecular weight below 1 kDa. We show that these factors stimulate pontine neurite elongation both independently and cooperatively and thus may contribute to the formation of elaborate pontine arbors within the cerebellar cortex.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)165-177
Number of pages13
JournalMolecular Brain Research
Issue number2
StatePublished - May 19 2004

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience


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