Reliability and validity of a novel muscle contusion device

Nicole M. McBrier, Thomas Neuberger, Nori Okita, Andrew Webb, Neil Sharkey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Context: Many models have been employed to replicate skeletal muscle injury associated with trauma; however, most are restricted to 1 level of severity. Objective: To create and validate an injury-producing device that could generate multiple levels of injury severity. Design: Validation study. Patients or Other Participants: Twenty-six male Wistar rats, 3 to 4 months old. Intervention(s): A contusion device was developed and its ability to deliver consistent impacts was validated alone and in the presence of an experimental animal. A free-falling mass (267 g) was adjusted to the desired height (40, 50, 60, or 70 cm) and then dropped. Main Outcome Measure(s): Peak load, peak displacement, impulse, energy, and velocity peak were measured. Injury severity was determined using magnetic resonance imaging. Results: Outcome measures observed from the device alone were different by height (F18,136 = 21.807, P < .001, 1-β = 1.0). Outcomes using the experimental animals were also dependent on height (F14,102 = 68.679, P < .001, 1-β 5 1.0). Linear regression analyses indicated that height accounted for 17% to 89% of the variance. Conclusions: Mild to moderate and moderate to severe injuries can be replicated with this device, which will be useful in evaluating clinical treatments on acute muscle injury.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)275-278
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Athletic Training
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation


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