Repair of an Occipital Meningocele and Scalp Soft-tissue Reconstruction in a Newborn Patient

Jonathan D. Freedman, Michael B. Gehring, Brent R. O'Neill, Brooke French, David Khechoyan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The differential diagnosis of large congenital scalp defects includes aplasia cutis and encephalocele, among others. Treatment includes conservative management with dressings or operative management with dermal substitutes, skin grafting, local flaps, and free flaps. This case report discusses the technical considerations and reconstructive strategies for repair of a meningocele in a newborn with a large 5.5-cm scalp defect. The key strategies include preemptive cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) diversion with external ventricular drain to reduce the risk of CSF leak and mitigate wound-healing complications; careful identification and avoidance of key anatomic structures, such as the superior sagittal sinus, as anatomy may be significantly distorted due to the presence of a meningocele and after CSF diversion; and careful, thoughtful design of the local scalp flaps to maximize blood supply and to avoid tension on the final reconstruction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E5663
JournalPlastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Global Open
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 8 2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery

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