Reponse des entreprises camerounaises a la devaluation du franc CFA

Translated title of the contribution: Response of Cameroonian enterprises to the devaluation of the CFA franc

J. Tybout, B. Gauthier, G. B. Navaretti, J. De Melo

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This article assesses the impact of the CFAF devaluation on industrial enterprises in Cameroon. Using detailed survey data spanning the 1992-95 period, the article documents and interprets firms' reactions to the devaluation in terms of adjustments in output, factor usage, market orientation and productivity. The article shows that the CFAF devaluation had the expected effect of increasing the return to producing tradable goods, and increased the real cost of using importing intermediate goods. Despite slow output growth, the pooled sample registered a cumulative rate of productivity growth exceeding 6% over the 1992/93 to 1994/95 period. Exporters appear to have done better than non-exporters, and medium-sized firms appear to have done the worst. These results are robust with respect to measurement technique, and can be obtained using either production or cost data. Hence encouraging signs of efficiency gains are present. The devaluation also influenced export supplies. Firms with low unit costs were relatively likely yo become exporters, and tradable foods producers, who were favoured by the devaluation, expanded output. However, the number of firms in our sample that exported did not increase dramatically after the devaluation.

Translated title of the contributionResponse of Cameroonian enterprises to the devaluation of the CFA franc
Original languageFrench
Pages (from-to)5-39
Number of pages35
JournalRevue d'Economie du Developpement
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1996

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Development
  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance(all)


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