Research Should Focus on Improving Mathematics Proficiency for Students With Disabilities

Bradley Witzel, Jonte Myers, Jenny Root, Shaqwana Freeman-Green, Paul Riccomini, Pamela Mims

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Students with disabilities experience differential levels of achievement in mathematics when compared with their nondisabled peers. Identifying and implementing evidence-based practices (EBPs) is essential to increase their mathematics achievement. However, an argument is re-emerging that calls into question the effectiveness of well-known EBPs, such as explicit/direct instruction. This argument is based on opinion and conjecture, rather than student outcome measures. In this commentary, we use research on explicit and direct instruction with mathematics to (a) highlight the confusion over theoretical implications, (b) call for researchers to reduce personal bias within research, and (c) emphasize the need for improving outcomes of students with disabilities that affect mathematics learning.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)240-247
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Special Education
Issue number4
StatePublished - Feb 2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Education
  • Rehabilitation


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