Response of two-dimensional separation to three-dimensional disturbances

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The present study investigates the development and structure of three-dimensionality due to a three-dimensional velocity perturbation applied to the inlet of an unsteady two-dimensional separation computation. A random noise perturbation and a sinewave perturbation are considered separately. In both cases, the spanwise variations were amplified in the separation and within the shed vortices. The vortex shedding frequency observed in the two-dimensional computation was not altered by the three dimensionality of the flow field. No observable spanwise structure was produced by the random noise perturbation. The sine-wave perturbation, however, produced longitudinal Gortler vortices within the separation. Using a linear stability analysis, the presence of longitudinal vortices in a separated laminar boundary layer was predicted by Inger (1987). When the velocity field was averaged across the span, it was found that the sine-wave perturbation increased the separation length and reduced the strength of shed vortex. The span-averaged streamlines from the random noise perturbation, however, reproduced the unsteady separation of the two-dimensional computations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)433-438
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Fluids Engineering, Transactions of the ASME
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1994

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanical Engineering


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