Responses to stress in adolescence: Measurement of coping and involuntary stress responses

Jennifer K. Connor-Smith, Bruce E. Compas, Martha E. Wadsworth, Alexandra Harding Thomsen, Heidi Saltzman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

844 Scopus citations


The development of a measure of coping and involuntary stress responses in adolescence is described. The Responses to Stress Questionnaire (RSQ) reflects a conceptual model that includes volitional coping efforts and involuntary responses to specific stressful events or specified domains of stress. The psychometric characteristics of the RSQ were examined across 4 domains of stress in 3 samples of adolescents and parent reports obtained in 2 samples. The factor structure of the RSQ was tested and replicated with an adequate degree of fit using confirmatory factor analysis across 3 stressors in 2 samples. Internal consistency and retest reliability for the 5 factors were adequate to excellent. Concurrent validity was established through correlations with another measure of coping, heart rate reactivity, and correlations of self- and parent-reports. Significant correlations with both adolescents' and parents' reports of internalizing and externalizing symptoms were consistent with hypotheses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)976-992
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of consulting and clinical psychology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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