Virus detection in early stages of infection could prove useful for identification and isolation of foci of inoculum before its spread to the rest of susceptible individuals via vectoring insects. However, the low number of viruses present at the beginning of infection renders their detection and identification difficult and requires the use of highly sensitive laboratory techniques that are often incompatible with a field application. To obviate this challenge, utilized Recombinase Polymerase Amplification, an isothermal amplification technique that makes millions of copies of a predefined region in the genome, to detect tomato spotted wilt orthotospovirus in real time and at the end point. The reaction occurs isothermically and can be used directly from crude plant extracts without nucleic acid extraction. Notably, a positive result can be seen with the naked eye as a flocculus made of newly synthesized DNA and metallic beads. The objective of the procedure is to create a portable and affordable system that can isolate and identify viruses in the field, from infected plants and suspected insect vectors, and can be used by scientists and extension managers for making informed decisions for viral management. Results can be obtained in situ without the need of sending the samples to a specialized lab.
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