Review of consciousness and the possibility of conscious robots

Lyle N. Long, Troy D. Kelley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


This paper discusses the psychological, philosophical, and neurological definitions of consciousness and the prospects for the development of conscious machines or robots in the foreseeable future. Various definitions of consciousness are introduced and discussed within the different fields mentioned. A conscious machine or robot may be within the realm of engineering possibilities if current technological developments, especially Moore's law, continue at their current pace. Given the complexity of cognition and consciousness a hybrid parallel architecture with significant input/output appears to offer the best solution for the implementation of a complex system of systems which functionally approximates a human mind. Ideally, this architecture would include traditional symbolic representations as well as distributed representations which approximate the nonlinear dynamics seen in the human brain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)68-84
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Aerospace Computing, Information and Communication
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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