Review of the hybrid photo diode tube (HPD) an advanced light detector for physics

G. Anzivino, H. Arnaudon, P. Baillon, P. Benetti, L. Boskma, P. Burger, A. Contin, R. DeSalvo, P. Gorodetzky, D. Grassi, W. Hao, H. He, L. Liu, M. Lundin, M. R. Mondardini, S. Paolucci, M. Rossella, J. C. Santiard, R. Schomaker, K. YouK. Wang, Y. Wang, X. Xia, C. Xu, C. Yang, M. Zhao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations


The HPD is a nonmultiplicative light detector with typical gain of 1000 to 5000. Its development project, mainly supported by the CERN LAA project and by the INFN group V, was originally intended to find a replacement for the photo multiplier (PM) tubes for scintillating fibre calorimeter readout. After five years of development the HPD has become a versatile light detector, commercially available for everyday use, that can outperform PM tubes in photon counting efficiency and resolution, multi tesla magnetic field operation, uniformity of response, fast pulse dynamic range, and gain stability. The HPD has also a wide edge on PMs on pixelization potential and it is getting more and more competitive on timing properties. A review of the HPD performances and its latest advances are reported.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)76-82
Number of pages7
JournalNuclear Inst. and Methods in Physics Research, A
Issue number1
StatePublished - Nov 1 1995

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Instrumentation


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