Revisiting and extending the CIP theory of leadership: A modern perspective

Samuel T. Hunter, Jeffrey B. Lovelace

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Scopus citations


The Charismatic, Ideological, and Pragmatic (CIP) theory of leadership has demonstrated substantial utility as a modern framework for understanding how leaders think, behave, and influence followers. In this chapter, we reflect on the body of work on this theory and identify the key areas of strengths to preserve in future iterations of the theory, as well as potential areas for revision and extension. Through this reflection, we offer a revised framework for CIP theory that incorporates several new elements, including greater detail on individual differences such as personality and gender, as well as extensions on how each leadership pathway uniquely results in multi-level outcomes. Areas for future research and limitations of the proposed framework are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationExtending the Charismatic, Ideological, and Pragmatic Approach to Leadership
Subtitle of host publicationMultiple Pathways to Success
PublisherTaylor and Francis
Number of pages30
ISBN (Electronic)9781351017145
ISBN (Print)9781138497733
StatePublished - Apr 21 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Psychology
  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance(all)
  • General Business, Management and Accounting


Dive into the research topics of 'Revisiting and extending the CIP theory of leadership: A modern perspective'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this