Background: Multiple studies suggest routine postoperative intensive care unit (ICUs) stays in presumed high-risk neurosurgical procedures may be unnecessary. Our objective was to evaluate the risk factors associated with ICU-specific needs in patients undergoing elective endovascular treatment of unruptured intracranial aneurysms. Methods: A retrospective review of consecutive patients undergoing elective endovascular treatment of unruptured aneurysms was performed between January 2010 and January 2020 in a single academic medical center. Patient demographic information, aneurysm and treatment characteristics, intraoperative and postoperative complications, as well as ICU-specific needs, were abstracted. The primary outcome was ICU-specific needs. Results: A total of 382 patient encounters in 344 unique patients were abstracted. 13.6% (52 of 382) of patient encounters had an ICU-specific need. Multivariate analysis revealed that age [adjusted odds ratio (OR) 1.04, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.01–1.07, p = 0.03], procedure duration greater 200 min (adjusted OR 2.75, 95% CI 1.34–5.88, p = 0.007), and any intraoperative complication (adjusted OR 20.41, CI 7.97–56.57, p < 0.001) were independent predictors of postoperative ICU-specific needs. The majority of ICU-specific needs (94%, 49 of 52) occurred within 6 h of surgery. Conclusions: Our results show that age, procedure duration greater than or equal to 200 min, and intraoperative complication were independent predictors of postoperative ICU-specific needs in patients presenting for elective endovascular treatment of unruptured intracranial aneurysms. The majority of ICU-specific needs and associated complications occurred in the immediate postoperative period. This data can be used to help decide the appropriate postoperative level of care in this patient population.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Neurology
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine