Robotic Versus Open Cystectomy for Bladder Cancer: Synthesizing the Data from Current Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses

Khatereh Aminoltejari, Amanda E. Hird, Zachary Klaassen, Raj Satkunasivam, Girish S. Kulkarni, Amy N. Luckenbaugh, Aaron A. Laviana, Christopher J.D. Wallis, Roderick Clark

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This is a summary of existing systematic reviews comparing robotic assisted radical cystectomy (RARC) with open radical cystectomy (ORC). Our aim was to compare operative approaches with respect to perioperative, postoperative, oncologic, and health-related quality of life (QOL) outcomes. We performed a systematic review of MEDLINE, Medline-in-Process and Medline Epubs Ahead of Print, and the Cochrane Library on 22 February 2022. We included reviews of adult patients with bladder cancer undergoing RARC or ORC for muscle invasive or high-risk non-muscle invasive bladder cancer. Nonrandomized studies were excluded to minimize confounding and selection bias. The GRADE approach was used to determine the confidence in estimates. We assessed the quality of identified systematic reviews using AMSTAR 2 checklist. Six well-conducted, systematic reviews and meta-analyses were included. RARC was consistently associated with lower estimated blood loss (EBL) and transfusion rates, and longer operative time. There was inconsistent evidence for the impact of RARC on hospital length of stay (LOS). There was no significant difference in overall complication rate or major complication rate, or oncologic outcomes between groups. Comparison of QOL outcomes between studies was limited by statistical and methodological heterogeneity. RARC is associated with improvement in EBL and transfusion risk. There does not appear to be differences in oncologic outcomes or complications between approaches. Prospective studies are needed to assess the impact of diversion type, technique, and recovery pathways on patient outcomes and to assess the impact of operative approach on cost and patient-reported QOL.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2976-2987
Number of pages12
JournalAnnals of Surgical Oncology
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Oncology

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