Robust Criterion for the Existence of Nonhyperbolic Ergodic Measures

Jairo Bochi, Christian Bonatti, Lorenzo J. Díaz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations


We give explicit C1-open conditions that ensure that a diffeomorphism possesses a nonhyperbolic ergodic measure with positive entropy. Actually, our criterion provides the existence of a partially hyperbolic compact set with one-dimensional center and positive topological entropy on which the center Lyapunov exponent vanishes uniformly. The conditions of the criterion are met on a C1-dense and open subset of the set of diffeomorphisms having a robust cycle. As a corollary, there exists a C1-open and dense subset of the set of non-Anosov robustly transitive diffeomorphisms consisting of systems with nonhyperbolic ergodic measures with positive entropy. The criterion is based on a notion of a blender defined dynamically in terms of strict invariance of a family of discs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)751-795
Number of pages45
JournalCommunications In Mathematical Physics
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 1 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Mathematical Physics


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