Robust genome editing via modRNA-based Cas9 or base editor in human pluripotent stem cells

Tahir Haideri, Alessandro Howells, Yuqian Jiang, Jian Yang, Xiaoping Bao, Xiaojun Lance Lian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

CRISPR systems have revolutionized biomedical research because they offer an unprecedented opportunity for genome editing. However, a bottleneck of applying CRISPR systems in human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) is how to deliver CRISPR effectors easily and efficiently. Here, we developed modified mRNA (modRNA)-based CRIPSR systems that utilized Cas9 and p53DD or a base editor (ABE8e) modRNA for the purposes of knocking out genes in hPSCs via simple lipid-based transfection. ABE8e modRNA was employed to disrupt the splice donor site, resulting in defective splicing of the target transcript and ultimately leading to gene knockout. Using our modRNA CRISPR systems, we achieved 73.3% ± 11.2% and 69.6 ± 3.8% knockout efficiency with Cas9 plus p53DD modRNA and ABE8e modRNA, respectively, which was significantly higher than the plasmid-based systems. In summary, we demonstrate that our non-integrating modRNA-based CRISPR methods hold great promise as more efficient and accessible techniques for genome editing of hPSCs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number100290
JournalCell Reports Methods
Volume2
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 19 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (miscellaneous)
  • Genetics
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Computer Science Applications

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