Robust neural decoding for dexterous control of robotic hand kinematics

Jiahao Fan, Luis Vargas, Derek G. Kamper, Xiaogang Hu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Manual dexterity is a fundamental motor skill that allows us to perform complex daily tasks. Neuromuscular injuries, however, can lead to the loss of hand dexterity. Although numerous advanced assistive robotic hands have been developed, we still lack dexterous and continuous control of multiple degrees of freedom in real-time. In this study, we developed an efficient and robust neural decoding approach that can continuously decode intended finger dynamic movements for real-time control of a prosthetic hand. Methods: High-density electromyogram (HD-EMG) signals were obtained from the extrinsic finger flexor and extensor muscles, while participants performed either single-finger or multi-finger flexion-extension movements. We implemented a deep learning-based neural network approach to learn the mapping from HD-EMG features to finger-specific population motoneuron firing frequency (i.e., neural-drive signals). The neural-drive signals reflected motor commands specific to individual fingers. The predicted neural-drive signals were then used to continuously control the fingers (index, middle, and ring) of a prosthetic hand in real-time. Results: Our developed neural-drive decoder could consistently and accurately predict joint angles with significantly lower prediction errors across single-finger and multi-finger tasks, compared with a deep learning model directly trained on finger force signals and the conventional EMG-amplitude estimate. The decoder performance was stable over time and was robust to variations of the EMG signals. The decoder also demonstrated a substantially better finger separation with minimal predicted error of joint angle in the unintended fingers. Conclusions: This neural decoding technique offers a novel and efficient neural-machine interface that can consistently predict robotic finger kinematics with high accuracy, which can enable dexterous control of assistive robotic hands.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number107139
JournalComputers in Biology and Medicine
Volume162
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Health Informatics
  • Computer Science Applications

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