Robust voltage fitting techniques for meteor Doppler speed determination

Stan J. Briczinski, Chun Hsien Wen, John D. Mathews, John F. Doherty, Qina N. Zhou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


The nonlinear least square fitting techniques that the authors have employed until recently for measuring the Doppler velocities of head-echo meteor returns have proven to be limited in their effectiveness under certain circumstances where significant incoherent scattering from the ionosphere is present. Two alternative methods developed to independently but jointly determine the Doppler speeds are presented. The first method uses the Moore-Penrose matrix inverse to obtain the relevant meteor parameters. The second method is the steepest descent searching technique. These techniques have been applied to simulated meteor returns as well as meteor data set from February 2001. The Doppler velocities obtained using the new algorithms are presented. The implications of the improved Doppler resolution as well as robustness of the new approach are also discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3490-3495
Number of pages6
JournalIEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences


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