Role of interfaces in organic–inorganic flexible thermoelectrics

Chan Liu, Dong Liang Shan, Zhong Hui Shen, Guang Kun Ren, Yue-Wang, Zhi Fang Zhou, Jiang Yu Li, Di Yi, Jin Le Lan, Long Qing Chen, G. Jeffery Snyder, Yuan Hua Lin, Ce Wen Nan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations


The interface is always a critical factor affecting thermoelectric performance in composite systems. However, understanding the electrical and thermal transport behaviors at the interfaces has been a long-standing challenge. Here, we advance this understanding by using spatially resolved current and thermal measurements in single wall carbon nanotubes (CNTs)-Tellurium-poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene): poly(4-styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) nanocomposites. Our results indicate that the obtained ultra-low thermal conductivity in such nanocomposites with high CNTs content can be understood by the interface thermal resistance and interface density of the clusters, which is directly confirmed by quantitative mappings of thermal conductivity in the micro-scale interface regions via scanning thermal microscopy. Furthermore, the highly conductive layers can be formed at the interfaces of Te - PEDOT:PSS and CNTs - PEDOT:PSS revealed by high-resolution local conductivity and topography mapping, leading to simultaneous enhancement of electrical conductivity and Seebeck coefficient. Ultimately, a power factor of 224 µW/mK2, as well as an ultralow in-plane thermal conductivity of 0.39 W/mK at 410 K, has been achieved by tuning carrier mobility and phonon scattering using multiple polymer-inorganic interfaces. The ZT value reaches up to 0.24 at 410 K and a planar flexible thermoelectric generator exhibits excellent output power of 1.33 μW and highly competitive normalized maximum power density of 0.26 W/m at a temperature difference of 67.8 K These approaches give deep insights to understand the interface role in nanocomposites, and also attests to the great potential of using such organic–inorganic composites in wearable electronics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number106380
JournalNano Energy
StatePublished - Nov 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • General Materials Science
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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