Role of Surface Processes in Growth of Monolayer MoS2: Implications for Field-Effect Transistors

V. Kranthi Kumar, Shashwat Rathkanthiwar, Ankit Rao, Priyadarshini Ghosh, Sukanya Dhar, Hareesh Chandrasekar, Tanushree Choudhury, S. A. Shivashankar, Srinivasan Raghavan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


A predictive approach to grain size control from 10 nm to 100 μm is demonstrated in chemical vapor deposited MoS2monolayers. Such control is critical to enabling consistent 2D electronics. Physico-chemical modeling involving adsorption-diffusion-growth-desorption equilibrium has been used to correlate this variation to the change in supersaturation and kinetics on the growth surface. The intentional addition of reaction products to the source chemistry shows that nucleation density (and hence final grain size) is very sensitive to supersaturation in the very initial stage of growth. The steady-state nucleation and edge growth rates are diffusion-controlled by a ∼1 eV barrier. The different dependencies of the nucleation rate and edge growth rate on surface kinetics and supersaturation have been exploited to reduce nucleation density from 107to 103cm-2while simultaneously increasing edge growth rates to as large as 3.3 μm/s. Rapid coverage, <1 min, over large areas by monolayers with 100 μm grain sizes is hence obtained. The microstructural improvement is shown to help increase field-effect electronic mobility from 0.1 to 17 cm2/V s.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6734-6744
Number of pages11
JournalACS Applied Nano Materials
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 23 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science


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