Role of the bovine PRAMEY protein in sperm function during in vitro fertilization (IVF)

Chandlar Kern, Weiwei Wu, Chen Lu, Jianbin Zhang, Yaqi Zhao, Olga Maria Ocon-Grove, Peter Sutovsky, Francisco Diaz, Wan Sheng Liu

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1 Scopus citations


Preferentially expressed antigen in melanoma (PRAME) is a cancer/testis antigen (CTA) that is predominantly expressed in normal male gonad tissues and a variety of tumors. PRAME proteins are present in the acrosome and sperm tail, but their role in sperm function is unknown. The objective of this study was to examine the function of the bovine Y-linked PRAME (PRAMEY) during spermatozoal capacitation, the acrosome reaction (AR), and fertilization. Freshly ejaculated spermatozoa were induced to capacitate and undergo AR in vitro. Western blotting results revealed a decrease in the PRAMEY protein in capacitated spermatozoa, and the release of the PRAMEY protein from the acrosome during the AR, suggesting its involvement in sperm capacitation and AR. IVF was performed using in vitro matured bovine oocytes and cauda epididymal spermatozoa either treated with PRAMEY antibody, rabbit IgG, or DPBS. Sperm-egg binding and early embryos were examined at 6 and 45 h post IVF, respectively. The number of spermatozoa that bound per oocyte was nearly two-fold greater in the PRAMEY antibody treatment group (34.4) when compared to both the rabbit IgG (17.6) and DPBS (18.1) controls (P < 0.01). Polyspermy rate in the antibody-treated group (18.9%) was three-fold greater than the rabbit IgG control (6.0%) (P < 0.01). The results indicate that PRAMEY may play a role in anti-polyspermy defense. This study thus provides the initial evidence for the involvement of the PRAME protein family in sperm function and fertilization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)577-594
Number of pages18
JournalCell And Tissue Research
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Histology
  • Cell Biology


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