Room temperature annealing of SnS2 films with electron impulse force

Nahid Sultan Al-Mamun, Douglas E. Wolfe, Aman Haque, Jae Gyun Yim, Seong Keun Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Tin disulfide (SnS2) is a layered metal dichalcogenide material with wide bandgap favoring electronics, sensors, photovoltaics, and water splitting applications. Atomic layer deposition can precisely control film thickness over large area, which is important for device applications. The as-deposited SnS2 shows poor crystallinity, which is difficult to anneal with high temperature because of de-sulfurization. We demonstrate room temperature annealing by exploiting electron impulse force. High current density pulses were applied with very low duty cycle to suppress heat accumulation, while the momentum of the electron pulses interacted with the defects and grain boundaries. For seven-layer thick tin di-sulfide specimens, resistivity was decreased by ten times at ambient temperature. Enhancement of crystallinity was analyzed with Raman spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy followed by geometric phase analysis. The demonstrated technique can impact applications where post-synthesis annealing requires high temperature and special environment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number115107
JournalScripta Materialia
StatePublished - Feb 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys


Dive into the research topics of 'Room temperature annealing of SnS2 films with electron impulse force'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this