Noninvasive measurement of liver iron concentration (LIC) is clinically important. Yet, at the present time, it can only be achieved with SQUID technology. However, SQUID based BLS suffers high costs and cumbersome cryogenic requirements that prevent SQUID BLS from being adopted by clinical applications. Recently, we demonstrated that a single channel ME sensor with piezo-single crystals could detect LIC from only 3 ml of mouse liver tissue without any magnetic field shielding. The results demonstrated not only the sensitivity of ME sensor system for LIC but also the feasibility for mapping LIC profiles spatially. This investigation further developed ME sensor arrays, exploiting the compact size and room temperature operation. A Dual-channel 1-D ME sensor array along the vertical, Z-direction, was developed and shown to be sensitive to the skin-liver distance change which can be utilized to calibrate and eliminate the inter-subject variability of the LIC measurement due to skin-liver distance. With phantom having spatially dependent iron concentrations, the 1-D ME sensor array was capable of mapping the one-dimensional profile of the iron concentration in the horizontal X- and Y-directions. The results of the prototype sensor devices show the feasibility of an array ME-sensors for imaging iron profile.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Metals and Alloys
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering