Two soft X-ray images of the Chamaeleon I star forming cloud obtained with the ROSAT Position Sensitive Proportional Counter are presented. Seventy reliable, and perhaps 19 additional, X-ray sources are found. Up to Ninety percent of these sources are certainly or probably identified with T Tauri stars formed in the cloud. Twenty to 35 are probably previously unrecognized 'weak' T Tauri (WTT) stars. T Tauri X-ray luminosities range from log Lx < 28.8 to 31.1 erg/s, or 102 - 104 times solar levels, with mean < log Lx> = 1029.2 erg/s in the 0.2-2.5 keV band. The X-ray luminosities of well-studied Chamaeleon cloud members are correlated with a complex of four stellar properties: effective temperature, mass, radius and bolometric luminosity. The spatial distribution, H-R diagram locations of the stars indicate WTT and CTT are coeval. The total premain sequence population of the cloud is likely to be > 100 stars, with WTT stars outnumbering 'classical' T Tauri (CTT) stars by ∼2:1.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Aerospace Engineering
- Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Atmospheric Science
- Space and Planetary Science
- Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)